3-12

3-12. Smoking prevalence

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

Sources

 

3-12-1. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by Local Health Network

  • In 2018, around one in eight (12.0%) South Australians aged 15 years or older reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly1.
  • The rate varies between local health networks (LHNs), from 6.1%** in the Flinders and Upper North LHN up to 19.1% in the Eyre and Far North LHN.
  • There is no statistically significant difference between the rates reported by people living in Country SA (11.6%) compared to metropolitan Adelaide residents (11.8%) in 20181.
  • Over the last decade, smoking prevalence has statistically significantly decreased in both the metropolitan Adelaide and Country SA time series1.
  • The primary data source for determining smoking prevalence in South Australia changed from the Health Omnibus Survey (HOS)—a face-to-face survey used up until 2017—to the South Australian Population Health Survey (SAPHS)—a phone survey conducted for the first time in 2018.
  • Survey data custodians advise that estimates of smoking prevalence from phone surveys are approximately 3% lower than smoking prevalence estimates derived from face-to-face surveys, and this should be considered when interpreting results.
  • E-cigarettes: In 2018, 82.0% of the South Australian population reported that they had heard of e-cigarettes but only 2.1% were current users of e-cigarettes1.

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2018
Local Health Network %
Northern Adelaide 12.4%
Central Adelaide 11.4%
Southern Adelaide 11.6%
Metropolitan Adelaide 11.8%
Barossa Hills Fleurieu 8.0%
Eyre and Far North 19.1%
Flinders and Upper North 6.1%**
Limestone Coast 9.3%*
Riverland Mallee Coorong 12.3%
Yorke & Northern 16.7%
Country SA  11.6%
South Australia 12.0%
Australia n.a.

3 12 1 sa 2019 10 14

 

 

* Relative Standard Error is between 25% and 50%. Please treat the estimate with caution.

** Relative Standard Error is greater than 50%. Please treat the estimate with extreme caution.

Data source:SAHMRI 2019

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3-12-2. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by age and sex

  • In 2018, the proportion of the state's population aged 15 years and over that reported smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly was higher among males (13.5%) than females (10.5%)1.
  • Smoking prevalence varied greatly with age, peaking in the 45-54 years age cohort for males (21.5%) and females (17.9%)1.
  • The primary data source for determining smoking prevalence in South Australia changed from the Health Omnibus Survey (HOS)—a face-to-face survey used up until 2017—to the South Australian Population Health Survey (SAPHS)—a phone survey conducted for the first time in 2018.
  • HOS obtained responses directly from all respondents aged 15 years and over, whereas parents/guardians answered questions on behalf of 15 year olds in the SAPHS. This raises issues about the accuracy of a parent’s knowledge about substance use by their child. However, survey data custodians advise that the change in survey method does not appear to have had a material impact on the prevalence estimates, as very few 15 year olds smoke anymore.

 


All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2018
Age (years) Males Females
15-24 5.6% 5.5%
25-34 19.2% 12.0%
35-44 16.1% 14.0%
45-54 21.5% 17.9%
55-64 14.5% 10.5%
65-74 5.3% 5.6%
75+ 1.6% 1.2%
All ages 13.5% 10.5%

3 12 2 AgeSex2019 10 14

Data source: SAHMRI 2019

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3-12-3. Smoking prevalence in South Australia – by socio-economic status

  • There is a statistically significant inverse correlation between the proportion of people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly and the socio-economic status of the area in which they live1.
  • Smoking prevalence recorded during 2018 in areas constituting South Australia's highest socio-economic (SES) quintile (7.0%) was around a third of that recorded for the lowest SES quintile (19.0%)1.

 

All smoking prevalence (ages 15+ years), 2018
Socio-economic status (SES) %
Lowest SES 19.0%
Low SES 14.3%
Middle SES 9.4%
High SES 7.8%
Highest SES 7.0%

3 12 3 2019 10 14

Data source: SAHMRI 2019

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3-12-4. Smoking prevalence in Australia – by state and territory

  • Data presented here is from the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ 2017-18 National Health Survey for people aged 18 years and over reporting being current daily smokers and is age-standardised. It is not directly comparable to the information in sections 3-12-1 to 3-12-3 above which is for people aged 15 years and over who report smoking daily, weekly or less often than weekly.
  • However, the national survey results are broadly in line with the state-based figures, revealing that 13.3% (age standardised) of the adult population in South Australia are current daily smokers2.
  • The South Australian proportion of current smokers is slightly below the Australian average of 14.0% and is ranked third-lowest of the states and territories2.

 

Current daily smokers (ages 18+ years), 2017–18 (age-standardised)
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 10.6%
Western Australia 11.9%
South Australia 13.3%
Victoria 13.7%
New South Wales 14.2%
Queensland 15.1%
Tasmania 17.4%
Northern Territory 18.9%
Australia 14.0%

3-12-4

Data source: ABS 2018

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3-12-5. Smoking prevalence – Aboriginal people

  • More than a third (37.7%) of Aboriginal people aged 18 years or older in South Australia reported being a current daily smoker in 2018-19, slightly below the national average for Aboriginal people of 40.2%3.
  • This rate is around three times higher than the 13.3% (age standardised) of all South Australians aged 18 years or older who reported being a current daily smoker in 2017-18 (see 3-12-4 above)2.
  • Compared to Aboriginal people aged 18 years and over in other states and territories, South Australia was ranked third-lowest for this indicator3.

 

Current daily smokers - Aboriginal people (ages 18+ years), 2018-19 (crude rates)
State/Territory %
Australian Capital Territory 24.5%*
Victoria 36.0%
South Australia 37.7%
Western Australia 38.3%
New South Wales 38.7%
Tasmania 38.7%
Queensland 41.8%
Northern Territory 49.5%
Australia 40.2%

3-12-5

* Estimate has a high margin of error and should be used with caution

Data source: ABS 2019

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Sources

  1. Based on Health Omnibus Survey (2008-2017 data) and South Australian Population Health Survey (2018 data) customised extracts, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI), 2019.
  2. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2018), ‘Table 2.3 Summary health characteristics — States and territories, Proportion of persons’, National Health Survey: First Results, 2017-18, cat. no. 4364.0.55.001, 12 December 2018.
  3. Based on Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS 2019), 'Table 3.3 Selected health characteristics, by State/Territory, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons, 2018–19, Proportion of persons,' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Survey, 2018-19, cat. no. 4715.0, 11 December 2019.